Water cascades in Nordmarka,
Norway. This little stream is running down from lake Gjerdingen. With a
depth of 60 meters, Gjerdingen is the deepest lake of Oslo marka, the
protected nature area surrounding the city of Oslo.
Dark clouds gathering over
lake Frostastašavatn, Iceland. This lake in the Icelandic highlands
close to Landmannalaugar is popular for fishing. It abounds with arctic
char and trout.
Stepping stones, Norway.
Femundsmarka national park is mostly popular for fishing and canoeing.
Anglers can catch many different kind of fish like trout, perch, char,
grayling, burbot, whitefish and pike. Ice fishing for char is also very
popular during winter.
Bratterud waterfall, Norway.
Micro hydro electric turbines are powered by this waterfall, thereby
generating about 1,9 GWh electricity per year. This corresponds to the
average yearly energy consumption of approximately 88 households.
Water cascade in the forest,
Norway. Rain water contains carbonic acid which can slowly dissolve
rocks, thereby causing erosion. Water that freezes in small cracks of
rock will act as a jack thereby splitting the rocks into smaller pieces
and accelerate the erosion.
River Lysakerelva in the
winter, Norway. The capital of Norway, Oslo, gets a fair amount of snow
during winter. The greatest snow depth on record in Oslo is 302 cm,
measured at Tryvasshųgda (514 m). Most often the first snow comes
during november and it melts again in april.
Markarfljót river at Žórsmörk,
Iceland. The main sources of the river are the glaciers Mżrdalsjökull
and Eyjafjallajökull. The explosove eruption of the volcano under the
Eyjafjallajökull glacier in april 2010 threw volcanic ash several
kilometers up in the atmosphere, which led to the closure of the
airspace over large parts of Europe.
Snow landscape along
Lysakerelva river, Norway. Snow can fall at extremely low temperatures,
but because the air can hold more water vapor at warmer temperatures
most heavy snowfalls occur when the air temperature is higher than
Beautiful morning reflection,
Norway. On cold winter mornings and clear summer nights, the air often
cools down much faster than the water from a lake. As the warmer water
evaporates from the lake into the cold air above, a mist is formed on
top of the water.
Magnificent waterfall, Norway.
Thanks to glacier and snow-fed rivers plunging down from high mountains
and steep cliffs, Norway is blessed with countless beautiful waterfalls.
A beautiful waterfall, Norway.
In the World Waterfall Database, 7 Norwegian waterfalls are listed
among the 12 waterfalls with the tallest drop. Mongefossen waterfall in
Mųre og Romsdal has a vertical drop of 773 meters.
Early morning Hedmark, Norway.
The forest district of Hedmark is where the Eurasian Taiga starts, a
continuous belt of boreal forest stretching from Norway all the way to
the Pacific. The county has also about 2.000 lakes and numerous rivers.
Selfoss waterfalls, Iceland.
These fabulous waterfalls are found in north-eastern Iceland on the
Jökulsį į Fjöllum river. In fact, just a few hundred meters downstream
is Dettifoss, the most powerful waterfall in Europe.
Beautiful winter scenery in
Oslo, Norway. The river Lysakerelva runs from lake Bogstadvannet to the
Oslo fjord. It has many small waterfalls and when the waters swells
during the melting of the snow in early spring, it is used for
Perfect reflection on a still
lake, Norway. At least 450.000 fresh water lakes are found in Norway,
most of which were created by glacial erosion. The four deepest lakes
in Europe are all found in Norway, with depths of about half a
Winter along Akerselva river,
Norway. The 8 km long Akerselva river flows through Oslo, from lake
Maridalsvannet down to the Oslo fjord. The river drops from
approximately 149 meters down to sea level through a series of natural
and manmade waterfalls.
Small water cascade, Norway.
This little stream in Rondane national park is fed by the snow and rain
on the Rondane massif. However, compared to many other mountain areas
in Norway, Rondane has a relatively stable and dry climate.
Ljótipollur crater lake,
Iceland. This volcanic explosion crater is the southermost crater of
the long eruptive fissure which was created during an enormous eruption
that took place in the Landmannalaugar area in 1477.
Waterfall Svartifoss, Iceland.
Svartifoss is a magnificent waterfall within the Skaftafell national
park in Southern Iceland. It is surrounded by perfectly hexagonal
basalt column formations which are formed when a lava flow cools down
Breaking dawn at lake
Gutulisjųen, Norway. The small Gutulia national park was created to
protect the primeval forest and a landscape of alpine woodland, bogs
and small lakes. The forest is dominated by pine, some of which are 400
years old, as well as spruce and birch.
Small stream, Norway. About
99,1 per cent of Norways electrical energy is generated from
hydroelectric power plants, making it Europe's largest consumer of
Gjerdingselva river in Oslo,
Norway. In the past, Gjerdingselva was used to transport timber.
However, as part of the improvement of the capital's drinking water
supply around 1900, most of the river was lead into a tunnel thereby
reducing it to a small brook.
Canyons of Žórsmörk, Iceland.
About 12.000 years ago, Žórsmörk was a fjord with spectacular glaciers
reaching the water. When most of the ice melted, broad valleys, steep
canyons and raging rivers were left. Still today, Žórsmörk is
surrounded by three ice caps.