Google Mountains Spring, Summer & Autumn - Nordic Landscapes : Photography by Nicolas Lietaer

Nordic Landscapes : Photograpy by Nicolas Lietaer

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Siberian husky on the top of Fanaråken, Norway
Siberian husky on the top of Fanaråken, Norway. Siberian husky's have a thick double coat, consisting of a dense undercoat and a soft outer coat. This allows the dog to withstand winter temperatures down to -60°C, but the coat also reflects the heat during summer.

Barren lunar landscape, central Iceland
Barren lunar landscape, central Iceland. NASA trained Apollo astronauts in the lunar landscapes of the barren Icelandic interior. In the middle ages outlaws found refuge in this remote and inaccessible region.

Sunset scenery over Jotunheimen, Norway
Sunset scenery over Jotunheimen, Norway. Due to the low angle of the sun at dawn and dusk, the sunrays must pass through more atmosphere than at noon. As more of the short wavelength blue and green light is scattered away, the skies and clouds are left with the yellow, orange and red hues of the colour spectrum.

A green oasis in the Icelandic interior, Iceland
A green oasis in the Icelandic interior, Iceland. Highlands cover most of the uninhabited interior of Iceland. Because of the cold climate of the highlands, the vegetation's growth period is restricted to only about two months per year and the formation of soil is very slow.

Mountains of the interior, Iceland
Mountains of the interior, Iceland. Iceland sits across the mid-Atlantic ridge, which causes it to be split by the movements of the North American and the Eurasian tectonic plates. The tectonic plates move apart at a rate of about 2.5 cm (1 inch) per year, which results in frequent earthquakes and intense volcanic activity.

Twilight at lake Tyin, Norway
Twilight at lake Tyin, Norway. Lake Tyin which is 1.000 meters above sea level is used to generate hydroelectric energy. Construction of the power station started in 1910, but during the Second World War a German company took over the station and 5.000 men worked on it and finished the plant in 1944.

Volcano Bláhnúkur, Iceland
Volcano Bláhnúkur, Iceland. This volcano in the Landmannalaugar region is 50.000 to 90.000 years old and it erupted under a glacier. It is the volcanic mineral called olivine that gives it its characteristic green color.

Sognefjellet national tourist route, Norway
Sognefjellet national tourist route, Norway. In 2007, the British newspaper The Guardian named the Sognefjellet National Tourist Route one of the top 10 bike rides in the world. According to the paper "the high mountain road is enveloped in an icy beauty that is out of this world".

Volcano Brennisteinsalda, Iceland
Volcano Brennisteinsalda, Iceland. The last time volcano Brennisteinsalda erupted was in 1961. Its name means "sulphur wave" in English and comes from the sulphur spots that colors its sides.

Beautiful fall scenery from Turtagrø, Norway
Beautiful fall scenery from Turtagrø, Norway. From the mountain cabin at Turtagrø the views of the Skagastølstindene mountains is breathtaking. In 1876 the British William Slingsby became the first to climb the highest peak, Store Skagastølstind (2.405 m). Since then, Turtagro has been a meeting place for mountaineers in Norway.

Natural hot spring at Landmannalaugar, Iceland
Natural hot spring at Landmannalaugar, Iceland. Several hot-water streams and hot springs emerge from the edge of the Laugahraun lava field in the Fjallabak nature reserve. The natural hot water pool is ideal for bathing all year round, with a water temperature of 36-40°C (100°F) even in the midst of a snowy winter.

Mountains rising from the flood plains, Iceland
Mountains rising from the flood plains, Iceland. Broad gravel flood plains are found all over Iceland created by glacier-fed rivers. Volcanic activity underneath the ice can change the water levels dramatically.

Mountain erosion, Iceland
Mountain erosion, Iceland. Because the soil mostly consists of volcanic ash and the lack of vegetation, erosion is a serious problem in Iceland. When the Vikings settled Iceland about 60% of the country was covered in vegetation, but within a short time of their arrival most trees were cut and used as building material or firewood.

Fumaroles and mud pots at Námafjall, Iceland
Fumaroles and mud pots at Námafjall, Iceland. The Námafjall geothermal field has it all : roaring steam vents, boiling mud pools and extensive sulfur deposits. There is also the characteristic rotten egg smell caused by the hydrogen sulphide released by the fumaroles.

Sunset over Sognefjellet, Norway
Sunset over Sognefjellet, Norway. The Sognefjellet mountain pass offers fabulous panoramic views over the jagged mountain range of Jotunheimen national park. The area is easily accessible through the Rv55 road and a mountain cabin offers accommodation and meals.

Sognefjell mountain pass, Norway
Sognefjell mountain pass, Norway. In many of the lakes at Sognefjellet, one can catch rainbow trout. There is no natural regeneration of fish at this altitude (1.400 meters), but every year one and two year old trout is released into many of the lakes.

Sunset on Landmannalaugar, Iceland
Sunset on Landmannalaugar, Iceland. With its colorful mountains, large lava fields, hot springs and boiling mud pools, Landmannalaugar is a striking jewel of the remote Icelandic highlands. This amazing area is truly a hiker's paradise.

Cairn marking a hiking trail, Norway
Cairn marking a hiking trail, Norway. A cairn is a man-made pile of stones, often erected to mark the summit of a mountain or to mark trails.

Langsua National Park, Norway
Langsua National Park, Norway. Langsua national park was established in 2011. With its spectacular low-mountain landscape and rich biodiversity, the national park provides important habitats for endangered and rare species.

Laugahraun lava field, Iceland
Laugahraun lava field, Iceland. The lava field seen in the foreground is from an eruption of volcano Brennisteinsalda in the year 1480.

Raging waters, Norway
Raging waters, Norway. In spring time, the snow in the mountainous areas melts and the water level in the rivers rises. White water rafting and kayaking can be done from Mai to October.

Sunrise over Hurrungane, Norway
Sunrise over Hurrungane, Norway. With 24 peaks over 2.000 meters, the Hurrugane mountains is one of the most spectacular and beautiful mountain ranges in Scandinavia. Some of the peaks can only be reached through rock climbing and glacier crossing.

Blue sky over Sognefjell, Norway
Blue sky over Sognefjell, Norway. The Sognefjellet road is the highest mountain pass in Northern Europe, with its highest point at 1.430 m above sea level. On a clear day it offers wonderful views of snow-clad mountains, glaciers and lakes.

Rising full moon, Iceland
Rising full moon, Iceland. The "moon illusion" is an optical illusion that makes the moon appear larger when it is seen near the horizon than when it is higher up in the sky. When the moon is closest to the earth, its angular size is not more than 11 % more than when it is the most distant.

Volcano Bláhnjúkur with lava field in the foreground, Iceland
Volcano Bláhnjúkur with lava field in the foreground, Iceland. Iceland has a high concentration of active volcanoes due to its location on the mid-Atlantic Ridge, a divergent tectonic plate boundary. The island has 30 active volcanic systems, of which 13 have erupted since the settlement of Iceland in AD 874.

Volcanic landscape, Iceland
Volcanic landscape, Iceland. Tephra is a term used to describe all of the solid material produced from a volcano during an eruption. The use of tephra layers as a chronological tool (tephrochronology) was originally developed in Iceland by Thorainsson in 1944.

Dark clouds on the mountain, Norway
Dark clouds on the mountain, Norway. At the top of Fanaråken, 2.068 meters above sea level, the average summer temperature is only 2°C. Fanaråken also holds the Norwegian records for the lowest temperatures registered in June and July with respectively -12,2°C and -8,3°C.

Central highlands, Iceland
Central highlands, Iceland. Most gravel roads leading into the Icelandic highlands are only accessible for 4x4 vehicles. Usually the roads are open from June through September but closed for the rest of the year.

Icelandic sheep in a volcanic landscape, Iceland
Icelandic sheep in a volcanic landscape, Iceland. The Icelandic sheep is one of the world's oldest and purest breeds of sheep. Throughout its 1100 years of history, the Icelandic breed has been treasured for its meat, fiber and milk.