Google Mountains Spring, Summer & Autumn - Nordic Landscapes : Photography by Nicolas Lietaer

Nordic Landscapes : Photograpy by Nicolas Lietaer

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Mountain hut at Landmannalaugar, Iceland
Mountain hut at Landmannalaugar, Iceland. The Icelandic Touring Association runs a mountain hut at Landmannalaugar with accommodation for 75 people. It is located at the edge of the Laugahraun lavafield and right next to it is a natural hot spring with excellent bathing conditions.

Beautiful sunset scenery from Landmannalaugar, Iceland
Beautiful sunset scenery from Landmannalaugar, Iceland. Seeing the sun set over the multicolored rhyolite mountains of Landmannalaugar is an unforgettable experience. This mountain region close to the volcano Hekla is only accessable by 4x4 vehicles during the summer months, from june to september. After that the road is closed.

Autumn in Huldreheimen, Norway
Autumn in Huldreheimen, Norway. In 2005, the Norwegian mountain touring association (DNT) changed the name of this mountainous area from Gausdal Vestfjell to Huldreheimen. It is an area with rounded mountains at an altitude varying from 600m to 1.554m.

Pine tree in Femundsmarka, Norway
Pine tree in Femundsmarka, Norway. The combination of large boulders, scattered trees and the thousands of small lakes make Femundsmarka national park a unique wilderness area in Europe. Its fauna includes carnivores like the wolverine, lynx, wolf and brown bear, as well as reindeer, musk ox and elk.

Volcano Brennisteinsalda, Iceland
Volcano Brennisteinsalda, Iceland. This very colorful active volcano is found near Landmannalaugar in central Iceland. It is sulfur, lava, ashes, iron and mosses that give it its splendid colors. At the foot of the volcano there is steaming vapor and active hot sulfur springs.

Summer on Fanaråken mountain, Norway
Summer on Fanaråken mountain, Norway. All over Jotunheimen national park large patches of snow remain throughout the summer. The Sognefjellet summer ski centre maintains ski trails all year round and many international cross-country ski teams come there for their summer training.

Scenery from Rondane national park, Norway
Scenery from Rondane national park, Norway. Rondane is a high mountain area with ten peaks above 2.000 meters. Its highest peak is Rondeslottet at 2.178 meters. The park is an important habitat for herds of wild reindeer.

Mjølkedalstinden seen from the Sognfjell mountain road, Norway
Mjølkedalstinden seen from the Sognfjell mountain road, Norway. This characteristic mountain in the middle of Jotunheimen national park is much easier to climb than what it might look like. From the Olavsbu mountain cabin the top can be reached in just over 2 hours.

Volcanic desert, Iceland
Volcanic desert, Iceland. Most of Iceland's interior is an uninhabitable volcanic desert. Vegetation is very scarce because of regular volcanic eruptions, the cold climate, and the fact that precipitation infiltrates very quickly through the lava sand and volcanic ashes.

Thórsmörk nature reserve, Iceland
Thórsmörk nature reserve, Iceland. The Thórsmörk valley is enclosed between several glaciers. During the eruption of the Eyjafjallajökull volcano in the spring of 2010, much of the area was covered in a thick layer of volcanic ash. It took several months for nature to return to normal.

Autumn in Rondane national park, Norway
Autumn in Rondane national park, Norway. Autumn is a beautiful time to visit Rondane national park. By mid-September, the mountain slopes display the intense red autumn colors of the birch and berry foliage.

Golden mountain range, Iceland
Golden mountain range, Iceland. The highest mountain in Iceland is Mt. Hvannadalshnjúkur which is 2.110 meters (6920 ft) high. It is a topless strato volcano with a large ice filled caldera.

Low clouds over the Rondane mountain massif, Norway
Low clouds over the Rondane mountain massif, Norway. Glacial erosion during the last ice age formed the landscape of Rondane, ten thousand years ago. When the ice melted, deep river valleys were carved into the bedrock.

The colorful mountains of the Fjallabak nature reserve, Iceland
The colorful mountains of the Fjallabak nature reserve, Iceland. Nature has not been stingy with her color palette in the Fjallabak nature reserve. Its mountain slopes are colored with streaks of numerous different colors and shades.

Jotunheimen national park, Norway
Jotunheimen national park, Norway. When hiking in the mountains one should always be prepared for bad weather, even on a nice summer day. The weather in Jotunheimen can change very quickly, and at this altitude snow can fall at any time of the year !

Mountain creek in Jotunheimen, Norway
Mountain creek in Jotunheimen, Norway. Due to climatic conditions the tree line at this latitude is as low as 1.100 m, which is 1.000 m lower than in the Alps. As most of Jotunheimen national park is situated above the tree line it has a real alpine landscape and vegetation.

Fjallabak Nature Reserve, Iceland
Fjallabak Nature Reserve, Iceland. The Fjallabak region has numerous wild and rugged mountains with deep valleys. The central Torfajökull volcano is an active volcanic system that causes many fumaroles and hot springs in the area. The average temperature in the nature reserve is 5-14°C (~50°F) during summer and -6°C (20°F) during winter.

Silhouette of Innerdalstårnet mountain, Norway
Silhouette of Innerdalstårnet mountain, Norway. This mountain found in Innerdalen valley is often referred to as the 'Matterhorn of Norway' due to its characteristic pyramidal shape. It is a popular mountain for rock climbing.

Cotton-grass field, Iceland
Cotton-grass field, Iceland. Eriophorum or cotton-grass is found in acid bog habitats and is particularly abundant in Arctic tundra regions. The seed heads are covered in a fluffy mass of cotton which is carried in the wind to aid dispersal.

Femundsmarka national park, Norway
Femundsmarka national park, Norway. The landscape of Femundsmarka has hardly changed since the last ice age, 10.000 years ago. When the glaciers receded they left behind a desolated landscape of scattered lakes and large boulders. The countless lakes and rivers make it an eldorado for fishing.

Sulphur deposits on volcano Brennisteinsalda, Iceland
Sulphur deposits on volcano Brennisteinsalda, Iceland. Sulphur deposits are common in Iceland and historical evidence shows that Iceland was a major exporter of sulphur in medieval times. The sulphur was a key ingredient used to fabricate medieval gunpowder.

Night falls over Landmannalaugar, Iceland
Night falls over Landmannalaugar, Iceland. At Landmannalaugar, in the Icelandic highlands, there is a campsite with basic facilities. There is also the "Mountain Supermarket" which is a converted school bus that is used as a small food store and cafe (during summer only).

Scenery along the F208 road, Iceland
Scenery along the F208 road, Iceland. The mountain roads in the Icelandic highlands are called F-roads and they are usually narrow gravel roads without bridges across the rivers that need to be crossed. The F-roads are only open during the short summer season and they are only accessible to 4x4 vehicles.

Autumn scenery in Jotunheimen, Norway
Autumn scenery in Jotunheimen, Norway. Mid September, the hunting season in and around Jotunheimen National Park opens. Game being hunted include wild reindeer, deer, moose, grouse and hare.

Hiking trail marked with red
Hiking trail marked with red "T", Norway. For over 140 years, the Norwegian Trekking Association (DNT) has maintained the country’s trails and cabins, with an impressive 250,000 members and counting. Throughout the countryside and wilderness red T’s mark the trails. Hikers navigate from one T to the next and major intersections are marked with signs.

Eruption of the Strokkur geyser, Iceland
Eruption of the Strokkur geyser, Iceland. Strokkur is a fountain geyser found in the southwest part of Iceland, east of Reykjavík. It is one of very few natural geysers in the world to erupt frequently and reliably. It is erupting every 4 to 8 minutes and it can throw boiling water up to 40 m high up in the air.

Colorful hills in the highlands, Iceland
Colorful hills in the highlands, Iceland. Because of the harsh climate and the lack of earth in lava fields, trees do not grow well in the Icelandic highlands.

Hiking trail marked with red
Gausdal Vestfjell, Norway. There are large numbers of moose, wild reindeer, deer, hare, grouse and other large woodland fowl in the norwegian forests and mountains.

Eruption of the Strokkur geyser, Iceland
Full moon, Iceland. In 1965 and 1967 a group of Astronauts from NASA including Buzz Aldrin and Neil Armstrong came to Iceland in preparation of the first moon landing. They went to the Mývatn region so they could practice in an environment similar to what they would encounter on the moon.

Colorful hills in the highlands, Iceland
Jotunheimen mountain area, Norway. Much of Scandinavia received radioactive fallout after the Chernobyl nuclear accident in 1986. In particular lichens and mosses retain high levels of radioactivity for many decades.