Google Coastline - Nordic Landscapes : Photography by Nicolas Lietaer

Nordic Landscapes : Photograpy by Nicolas Lietaer

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Fishing trawlers along the pier, Norway
Fishing trawlers along the pier, Norway. Between january and april millions of arctic cod fish migrate from the Barents Sea to the waters around the Lofoten islands for spawning. Since the beginning of the 12th century, this has lead to one of the world's biggest seasonal fisheries taking place in Lofoten.

Winter in Reine, Norway
Winter in Reine, Norway. Being situated about 250 km north of the polar circle, in the middle of the winter the sun does not rise above the horizon for about two months. On the other hand, during summer the sun does not set from the end of May to the end of July.

Cliffs of Vík í Mýrdal, Iceland
Cliffs of Vík í Mýrdal, Iceland. The basalt rock formations off the cliffs of this small Icelandic village are said to be trolls dragging their boats out to sea when they got caught by the rising dawn and turned into stone.

Cod drying racks, Norway
Cod drying racks, Norway. Stockfish is made by drying unsalted fish naturally in the wind and sun on wooden racks. It is the world's oldest known preservation method and the dried fish has a storage life of several years. The most common fish used for stockfish production in cod, but also other types of fish can be used.

Pebbles on a black beach, Iceland
Pebbles on a black beach, Iceland. The black sand found on Iceland's beaches consists of volcanic minerals and tiny lava fragments. Black sand usually weighs more than light colored sand because of the heavy minerals it contains.

Fishing boats at Hamnøy harbor, Norway
Fishing boats at Hamnøy harbor, Norway. The tiny island of Hamnøya in Lofoten is home to about 20 people. Previously, it was connected to the larger fishing village of Reine by a ferry service, but nowadays it is connected by a bridge.

Overlooking the Atlantic Ocean, Southern Iceland
Overlooking the Atlantic Ocean, Southern Iceland. Iceland is located 63-67° North but it has a considerably milder climate than its location just south of the Arctic Circle would imply. This is due to the relatively warm ocean current that originates further south in the Atlantic.

Sunset over Tind i Lofoten, Norway
Sunset over Tind i Lofoten, Norway. The Lofoten islands are located north of the Arctic Circle, at a latitude of 68 degrees. At this latitude the sun does not set from the end of May to the middle of July, which means that during that period you can experience the midnight sun. However, during winter the sun doesn't rise at all above the horizon from the beginning of December until the beginning of January.

Rainbow over the harborfront of Å i Lofoten, Norway
Rainbow over the harborfront of Å i Lofoten, Norway. The old fishing village of Å is one of the best preserved in Norway, and all its wooden buildings are protected by law.

Rorbu cabins in Hamnøy, Norway
Rorbu cabins in Hamnøy, Norway. Traditional 'rorbu' cabins are found all along the coast of northern Norway. Originally built as accommodation for fishermen, today many have been transformed into comfortable accommodation for tourists.

Puffins on the cliffs of Vik, Iceland
Puffins on the cliffs of Vik, Iceland. Atlantic puffins spend the autumn and winter in the open ocean, returning to land at the start of the breeding season in late spring. It nests in large colonies on steep cliffs where each female lays a single egg.

Pigeons nesting, Norway
Pigeons nesting, Norway.

Wooden barrels for salting fish and cod roe, Norway
Wooden barrels for salting fish and cod roe, Norway. Wooden barrels have traditionally been used for salting of fish and cod roe. Salted cod roe paste is packaged in a tube and it is commonly used on sandwiches in Scandinavia, especially combined with sliced hardboiled eggs.

Fishing trawler in Lofoten, Norway
Fishing trawler in Lofoten, Norway. The area off Lofoten is believed to hold significant amounts of oil and natural gas, estimated to a total value of 60 billion Euro. Norway's powerful oil and gas industry is keen to drill for oil off Lofoten, but the issue is highly controversial due to environmental concerns.

Unloading cod in Nusfjord, Norway
Unloading cod in Nusfjord, Norway. The Norwegian fishing village of Nusfjord on the Lofoten islands is on the UNESCO world heritage list. Most of the buildings are from the 19th century and were built by Hans Grøn Dahl who arrived in 1836. Still today it is one of his descendents that owns 50 out of 60 buildings in Nusfjord.

Majestic landscape from Reine, Norway
Majestic landscape from Reine, Norway. Reine is just one of the many idyllic fishing villages found on the Lofoten islands, along the northern coast of Norway.

Old cod liver oil factory of Henningsvær, Norway
Old cod liver oil factory of Henningsvær, Norway. For centuries, cod liver oil together with stockfish was one of Norway's most valuable commodities. In this building, which has been demolished in the meanwhile, cod livers were boiled and turned into oil. It was used to fuel lamps all over Europe, for making paint and soap and much more.

Breaking dawn at the harborfront of Å, Norway
Breaking dawn at the harborfront of Å, Norway. At the very end of the European highway E10 is the small traditional fishing village of "Å", squeezed between jagged mountain peaks and the ocean.

Fishing trawler in Siglufjörður, Iceland
Fishing trawler in Siglufjörður, Iceland. During the first half of the 20th century the northernmost town in Iceland was known as the world capital of the herring fisheries. Since then herring stocks have declined, but fishing still remains the main economic activity for the 1300 inhabitants.

Cod fish hanging on drying rack, Norway
Cod fish hanging on drying rack, Norway. The Norwegian mainland stretches more than 700 km north of the Arctic Circle. In Honningsvåg, the most northerly town of the European mainland, the midnight sun can be experienced from May 14th to July 29th.

Trail of autumn leaves along the Oslofjord, Norway
Trail of autumn leaves along the Oslofjord, Norway.

Unloading fishing vessels, Norway
Unloading fishing vessels, Norway. Thanks to its long coastline and many fjords, Norway is one of the world's top fishing nations. In fact, only China exports more fish than Norway. Most of the export goes to Denmark, Russia, France and Japan.

Sakrisøy island with snow covered mountains in the background, Norway
Sakrisøy island with snow covered mountains in the background, Norway. Most of the fishermen's cabins on the Lofoten islands have traditionally been painted red because paint made of bull's blood was cheap. The tiny island of Sakrisøy was however somewhat wealthier, which was marked by the use of yellow paint. This is how it has been for more than a century.

Boathouses along the Oslofjord, Norway
Boathouses along the Oslofjord, Norway. The Oslofjord penetrates the southern coast of Norway for about 100 km. Its forested shoreline is dotted with many islands, numerous towns and ports.

Fishing trawler in Reine, Norway
Fishing trawler in Reine, Norway. In the fishing village of Reine, a natural bay offers excellent protection from the elements.

Winter in Lofoten, Norway
Winter in Lofoten, Norway. Although only 369 m high, the imposing mountain Festhæltinden rises sharply behind the fishing village of Hamnøy.

Henningsvær harbour, Norway
Henningsvær harbour, Norway. Henningsvær consists of a group of isles, and it is only since 1981 that bridges connect the village to the rest of Lofoten. In the middle of the 19th century Henningsvær became the most important fishing village in Lofoten. Today, it counts about 500 inhabitants.

The fishing village of Reine, Norway
The fishing village of Reine, Norway. Reine is often referred to as the most beautiful village in Norway. It is visited by thousands of tourists each year.

Stockfish in the making, Norway
Stockfish in the making, Norway. Stockfish is cod caught in the cold waters of the North Atlantic, then split and gutted and hung to dry in the icy air of an Arctic spring. Stockfish has provided the inhabitants of the rocky coasts of Norway with their winter reserves ever since sailors first put to sea in wooden ships.